In Part 1 of this series, we discussed the various problems that might arise from having a septic system at the a rental. In this sequel article, we’ll discuss the various ways you can teach your tenants how to use a septic system responsibly.
Approximately 1 in 4 U.S. residents rely on wells and septic systems. That’s a lot of people!
If your rental property depends on a septic system, it’s crucial that your tenants know the do’s and don’ts of its operation. Otherwise, you could end up with some big problems, not to mention hysterical phone calls regarding backed-up sewage.
If your tenant has always lived in dwellings with city water and sewer, there’s a significant learning curve when learning to use a septic system.
Provide Pamphlets on Septic Systems
Provide written information to the tenant on the basics of living with a septic system. It’s likely your town has such brochures if many residents use septic systems.
You can also download information to present to your tenants. If they have any questions about what is or isn’t safe to use on a septic system, have them contact you.
Give your tenants a basic tutorial on drain care, and how to use toilets, sinks, tubs, and showers. Here are some examples:
- Never pour grease down the drain. Pour grease into a container and dispose of it as solid waste.
- Scrape food waste into the garbage, not down the drain.
- Nothing that doesn’t come out of a human goes into the toilet except toilet paper.
- Place baby wipes in the garbage.
- Avoid long showers.
- Report any drain issues to the landlord as soon as possible.
If the property includes a washing machine, inform your tenant before they move in, that washing more than one full load daily — or perhaps two if the loads are spaced by about 12 hours — is the limit for the drain field.
For most people, this isn’t a problem, but tenants with infants and young kids tend to do a lot of laundry.
Provide your tenants with a list of septic-safe cleaning products for the toilets and all drains.
- They should use bleach sparingly, if at all, in the washing machine.
- Only the minimal amount of laundry detergent and dishwashing liquid should be used in the dispensers when washing clothes and dishes.
- Anything labeled “antiseptic” is out — these products kill the “good” bacteria necessary for the septic to function.
You’re responsible for ensuring that the dwelling remains in habitable condition. Usually, the tenant is responsible for plumbing repairs if they flushed items such as sanitary napkins or diapers down the toilet. But you’re responsible for regular pumping of the septic tank and repairs to the system.
Pumping is usually necessary every three to four years.
This depends, however, on the number of people living in the rental, the health of the septic system, and the quality of the soil.
Pumping a septic tank is important maintenance and is not something you should leave up to your tenant.
Check your state and local laws, as some jurisdictions mandate how often septic tanks require pumping.
You might want to consider including a lease addendum to mitigate the responsibility for improper use.
It’s likely a property dependent on well water will require a water softener, both to give drinking water a more palatable taste and to keep iron deposits from staining fixtures and clothing.
Maintaining the water softener is the landlord’s responsibility. Discuss ahead of time who will keep the softener filled with salt. That information should be included in the lease. Figure the monthly amount of salt needed and the cost into the amount of rent you’re charging.
You should provide the salt, even if the tenant is putting it into the softener as needed.
If your septic tank’s capacity is limited, let your tenants know upfront, and include information in the lease about limiting the number of guests on the property. A gathering of 10 or so is probably okay — a party with 100 visitors flushing the toilets probably isn’t.
An overflowing septic tank will not only ruin a good party (!), the place will probably be temporarily uninhabitable.
The Septic Field
Warn tenants not to plant gardens (especially vegetable gardens) near the septic tank. The vegetables will probably become contaminated by the wastewater. Need we say more?
Tenants should also do no landscaping near the septic tank or place any heavy objects in the septic drainage field.
Let the tenants know exactly where the septic field is, along with suitable areas for gardens or outdoor activities.
Inform your tenants to contact you immediately if they notice any permanent wet spots or bad odors emanating from the septic field.