This article summarizes some key South Carolina rental laws applicable to residential rental units.
The Official State Statutes and other reputable municipal sources were used to research this information. All sources are cited appropriately.
With that said, landlord-tenant laws are always changing, and may even vary from county to county. You have a responsibility to perform your own research and cautiously apply the laws to your unique situation.
If you have a legal question or concern, I only recommend contacting a licensed attorney referral service that is operated by the state bar association. This article is not intended to be exhaustive or a substitute for qualified legal advice.
Official Rules and Regulations
- S.C. Code Ann. §§ 27-40 – Residential Landlord and Tenant Act
- Security Deposit Maximum: No statute
- Security Deposit Interest: No statute
- Separate Security Deposit Bank Account: No statute
- Pet Deposits: No statute
- Non-Refundable Fees: No statute
- Deadline for Returning Security Deposit: 30 days after termination of the tenancy and delivery of possession and demand by the tenant, whichever is later. (§ 27-40-410(a))
- The tenant shall provide the landlord in writing with a forwarding address or new address to which the written notice and amount due from the landlord may be sent.
- If the tenant fails to provide the landlord with the forwarding or new address, the tenant is not entitled to damages under this subsection provided the landlord: (1) had no notice of the tenant’s whereabouts and (2) mailed the written notice and amount due, if any, to the tenant’s last known address.
- Permitted Uses of the Deposit: (§ 27-40-410(a))
- Unpaid rent and/or fees
- Damages which the landlord has suffered by reason of the tenant’s noncompliance with Section §§ 27-40-510
- Require Written Description/Itemized List of Damages and Charges: Yes (§ 27-40-410(a))
- Disclosure of Deposit Calculations: If landlord rents more than four adjoining units, the landlord must disclose the differing methods of calculating deposit amounts prior to signing the agreement. (§ 27-40-410(c))
- Failure to Comply: If the landlord fails to comply with § 27-40-410(a), the tenant may recover the property and money in an amount equal to three times the amount wrongfully withheld and reasonable attorney’s fees. (§ 27-40-410(b))
Lease, Rent & Fees:
- Rent Is Due: Rent is payable without demand or notice at the time and place agreed upon by the parties. Unless otherwise noted in writing, rent is due at the beginning of the month, and payable at the dwelling unit. (§ 27-40-310(c))
- Rent Increase Notice: No statute
- Rent Grace Period: No statute
- Late Fees: No statute, but late fees can be considered “rent” for the purposes of collections (§ 27-40-210 (11))
- Prepaid Rent: No statute
- Application Fees: No statute. Use Cozy to avoid charging application fees because the tenant pays for the screening reports directly.
- Returned Check Fees: $30 – avoid bad checks by using Cozy to collect rent online. (§ 34-11-70)
- Tenant Allowed to Withhold Rent for Failure to Provide Essential Services (Water, Heat, etc.): Yes (§ 27-40-630(a)(1)) and (§ 27-40-640)
- Tenant Allowed to Repair and Deduct Rent: No (§ 27-40-630(c))
- Landlord Allowed to Recover Court and Attorney Fees: Yes (§ 27-40-770(c) and § 27-40-750)
- Landlord Must Make a Reasonable Attempt to Mitigate Damages to Lessee, including an Attempt to Rerent: Yes (§ 27-40-730(c))
- 15 Days after Default: The unexplained absence of a tenant from a dwelling unit for a period of fifteen days after default in the payment of rent must be construed as abandonment of the dwelling unit. (§ 27-40-730(a))
- Termination of Utilities: If the tenant has voluntarily terminated the utilities and there is an unexplained absence of a tenant after default in payment of rent, abandonment is considered immediate. (§ 27-40-730(b))
- Personal Property: If the tenant legitimately abandoned the unit, landlord may enter the dwelling and dispose of personal property with a total value of less than $500. (§ 27-40-730(d)) Landlord cannot be liable for the disposal of property in excess of $500 unless the landlord was grossly negligent. (§ 27-40-730(f)). Also, review § 27-40-710(d).
Notices and Entry:
- Access by the Landlord: tenant shall not unreasonably withhold consent to the landlord to enter into the dwelling unit in order to inspect the premises, make necessary or agreed repairs, decorations, alterations, or improvements, supply necessary or agreed services, or exhibit the dwelling unit to prospective or actual purchasers, mortgagees, tenants, workmen, or contractors. (§ 27-40-530(a))
- Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Fixed End Date in Lease: No notice is needed as the lease simply expires. I recommend giving 60 days notice anyway.
- Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Month-to-Month Lease: 30 days (§ 27-40-770(b))
- Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Week-to-Week Lease: 7 days (§ 27-40-770(a))
- Notice of Date/Time of Move-Out Inspection: No statute
- Notice of Termination of All Other Leases for Nonpayment:
- A 5 day notice can be written conspicuously in the lease so that termination can occur 5 days after rent is not paid without additional notice. Required verbiage for the lease provision can be found in § 27-40-710(b).
- If no such notice is written in the lease, then 5 days written notice is required before lease termination and filing for eviction.
- Termination for Lease Violation: 14 days (§ 27-40-710(a))
- Required Notice before Entry: 24 hours notice and entry only at reasonable times (§ 27-40-530(c))
- Entry Allowed with Notice for Maintenance and Repairs (non-emergency): Yes (§ 27-40-530(a))
- Entry Allowed with Notice for Showings: Yes (§ 27-40-530(a))
- Emergency Entry Allowed without Notice: Yes (§ 27-40-530(b)(1))
- Entry Allowed During Tenant’s Extended Absence: No Statute
- Notice to Tenants for Pesticide Use: 24 hours (§ 27-40-530(b)(2))
- Lockouts Allowed: No (§ 27-40-760)
- Utility Shut-offs Allowed: No (§ 27-40-760)
- Consequence of Self-Help Eviction: The tenant may recover possession or terminate the rental agreement and, in either case, recover an amount equal to three months’ periodic rent or twice the actual damages sustained by him, whichever is greater, and reasonable attorney’s fees. (§ 27-40-760)
Disclosures and Miscellaneous Notes:
- Name and Addresses: Landlord must disclose to the tenant in writing at or before the commencement of the tenancy the name and address of an owner of the premises or a person authorized to act on behalf of the owner as agent, for purposes of service of process and receiving or receipting notices or demands. (§ 27-40-420)
- Copy of the Lease: No statute
- Domestic Violence Situations: No statute
- Lock Changes: A tenant shall not change locks on the dwelling unit without the permission of the landlord. (§ 27-40-530(e))
- Landlord’s Duties: (§ 27-40-440)
- Delivery: At the commencement of the term a landlord shall deliver possession of the premises to the tenant in compliance with the rental agreement and Section 27-40-440. (§ 27-40-430)
- Compliance: Comply with the requirements of applicable building and housing codes materially affecting health and safety;
- Repairs: Make all repairs and do whatever is necessary to put and keep the premises in a fit and habitable condition;
- Common Areas: Keep all common areas of the premises in a clean and safe condition;
- Maintenance: Maintain in good and safe working order and condition all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and other facilities and appliances, including elevators, supplied or required to be supplied; and
- Heat and Water: Supply running water and reasonable amounts of hot water at all times and reasonable heat except where the building that includes the dwelling unit is not required by law to be equipped for that purpose, or the dwelling unit is so constructed that heat or hot water is generated by an installation within the exclusive control of the tenant and supplied by a direct public utility connection.
- Tenant’s Duties: (§ 27-40-510)
- Compliance: Comply with all obligations primarily imposed upon tenants by applicable provisions of building and housing codes materially affecting health and safety;
- Cleanliness: Keep the premises that tenant occupies and uses as clean and safe as the condition of the premises permit;
- Trash: Dispose of all garbage and other waste in a clean and safe manner;
- Plumbing: Keep all plumbing fixtures in the dwelling unit or used by the tenant as clean as their condition permits;
- Appliances: Use in a reasonable manner all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and other facilities and appliances including elevators in the premises;
- Lawful Activity: Not deliberately or negligently destroy, deface, damage, impair or remove any part of the premises or knowingly permit any person to do so; and
- Quiet Enjoyment: Conduct himself and require other persons on the premises with tenant consent to conduct themselves in a manner that will not disturb neighbors’ peaceful enjoyment of the premises.
- Retaliation: § 27-40-910 states that a Landlord must not terminate, increase rent, or refuse to renew a lease to a tenant (who is not in default) who has:
- complained to a governmental agency charged with responsibility for enforcement of a building or housing code of a violation applicable to the premises materially affecting health and safety; or
- the tenant has complained to the landlord of a violation of §§ 27-40.
- Lead Disclosure: Landlords must disclose all known lead paint hazards. Landlords must also provide tenants, as an attachment to a written lease, with an information pamphlet on lead-based paint hazards.
- STATE Small Claims Court
- Limits: $7,500 (pdf)
- Eviction Cases Allowed in Small Claims: Yes (pdf)
- Your Guide to Magistrate’s Court in South Carolina (pdf)
- South Carolina Magistrate’s Court
- Statute of Limitations
- South Carolina Judiciary Department
- South Carolina Attorney General
- South Carolina Bar Association
- Legal Aid:
- Business License Required: No statewide statute, but local cities and counties may have regulations and requirements. Check with your local governing authority.
- South Carolina Insurance Division
- South Carolina Consumer Guide to Homeowner and Tenant Insurance (pdf)
- South Carolina Department of Consumer Affairs
- U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development – South Carolina
- South Carolina Real Estate Commission
- REALTORS® Associations
- Landlord Associations