Connecticut Rental Laws

Written on November 9, 2015 by , updated on August 30, 2018

flag-of-connecticutThis article summarizes some key Connecticut landlord-tenant laws applicable to residential rental units.

The Official State Statutes and other reputable municipal sources were used to research this information. All sources are cited appropriately.

With that said, landlord-tenant laws are always changing, and may even vary from county to county. You have a responsibility to perform your own research and cautiously apply the laws to your unique situation.

If you have a legal question or concern, I only recommend contacting a licensed attorney referral service that is operated by the state bar association. This article is not intended to be exhaustive or a substitute for qualified legal advice.

Official Rules and Regulations

Security Deposit:

  • Security Deposit Maximum: Two months’ rent maximum for tenants age 62 or younger. One month’s rent maximum for tenants older than 62 years. Tenants who are older than 62 years may request a refund for any security deposit that exceeds one month’s rent. (§§ 47a-21(b)(1) and (2))
  • Security Deposit Interest: Required, and to be paid at a rate set annually by the Banking Commissioner. The tenant forfeits their right to interest for any month in which rent is late more than 10 days, unless a late fee agreed to in the lease is charged. Landlord also shall not increase the rent because of the requirement to pay interest on the deposit. (§§ 47a-21(i))
  • Separate Security Deposit Bank Account: Required (§§ 47a-21(h))
  • Pet Deposits: No statute
  • Non-Refundable Fees: No statute
  • Deadline for Returning Security Deposit: 30 days, or within 15 days of the tenant providing their forwarding address, whichever is later. (§§ 47a-21(d)(2))
  • Permitted Uses of the Deposit:
    • To cover unpaid rent that is due under the lease;
    • Utility payments owed to the landlord;
    • Damage caused by the tenant’s failure to comply with their obligations (§§ 47a-21(13) and (d))
  • Require Written Description/Itemized List of Damages and Charges: Yes (§§ 47a-21(d)(2))
  • Record Keeping of Deposit Withholdings: No statute
  • Receipt of Deposit: Receipt required for cash payments is required, stating the amount, date and purpose of the payment. Also, the Banking Commissioner may request that the landlord provide to the Banking Commissioner, within seven days, the name of each bank where deposits are held, and the account number of each escrow account. (§§ 47a-3a(c) and §§ 47a-21(h))
  • Failure to Comply: If the landlord fails to comply with the rules for returning the deposit in §§ 47a-21(d)(2), the landlord is liable for twice the security deposit. The exception is that if the violation is for failing to return the interest, the landlord is liable only for twice the interest. Also, the Banking Commissioner is empowered to investigate claims of violations and may fine the landlord for each offense, the amounts differing for different violations. See statute for details. (§§ 47a-21(d)(2) and (j) and (k))

Lease, Rent & Fees:

  • Rent Is Due: As agreed to in the lease, or if not agreed to otherwise, at the beginning of any term of one month or less, and for terms of more than one month, at the beginning of each month. (§§ 47a-3a(a) and (b))
  • Rent Increase Notice: No statute
  • Rent Grace Period: If rent is not paid within nine days of when rent is due, or within four days for week-to-week leases, the landlord may move to terminate the lease and evict, in accordance with state rules for eviction. (§§ 47a-15a)
  • Late Fees: Landlord may not charge a late fee until nine days after rent is due. (§§ 47a-15a and §§ 47a-4(8))
  • Prepaid Rent: No statute
  • Returned Check Fees: No statute regarding fees that banks may charge for processing overdrawn checks. Fees will vary from bank to bank. If the check is for rent, the tenant is not liable to the landlord for civil damages under Penal Code Ch. 925 §§ 52-565a. (Penal Code Ch. 925 §§ 52-565a(d))
  • Tenant Allowed to Withhold Rent for Failure to Provide Essential Services (Water, Heat, etc.): Tenant must first give notice specifying the violation and then may procure the service and deduct the cost from the rent. The lease shall not permit the receipt of rent for any period during which the landlord has failed to comply with their legally required duties. If the landlord fails to satisfy their legally required duties, an individual tenant may also submit a detailed complaint to the local Housing Court to compel the landlord to satisfy their duties, and then arrange to pay rent into a court-controlled escrow account. If the landlord fixes the violation, they may request the termination of rent payment into court. The court will decide how to distribute any money held, and may order rent returned to the tenant. See 47a-14h for details. (§§ 47a-13 and §§ 47a-4a and §§ 47a-7(a) and §§ 47a-14h)
  • Tenant Allowed to Repair and Deduct Rent: No statute specifically defining a process for “repair and deduct.” See above for situations in which the landlord isn’t meeting their legally required obligations.
  • Landlord Allowed to Recover Court and Attorney Fees:In certain cases, such as if the tenant refuses the landlord entry to the premises and the landlord goes to court to gain entry, the landlord may recover actual damages and reasonable attorney fees. Also, the lease may not include any provision where the tenant agrees to pay the landlord’s attorney fees in excess of 15 percent of any judgment against the tenant. (§§ 47a-18 and §§ 47a-4)
  • Landlord Must Make a Reasonable Attempt to Mitigate Damages to Lessee, including an Attempt to Rerent: If the tenant abandons the premises, the landlord shall make reasonable efforts to rent it at a fair rental to mitigate damages. (§§ 47a-11a)
  • Abandonment/Early Termination Fee: No statute

Notices and Entry:

  • Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Fixed End Date in Lease: Three-day notice required. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23)
  • Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Yearly Lease with No End Date: Three-day notice required. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice.(§§ 47a-23)
  • Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Month-to-Month Lease: Three-day notice required. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23)
  • Notice to Terminate Tenancy – Week-to-Week Lease: Three-day notice required. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23)
  • Termination of Tenancy with 24 Hours Notice: No statute for 24-hour lease termination. Three-day notice is required to terminate a lease. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23)
  • Notice of Date/Time of Move-Out Inspection: No statute
  • Notice of Termination of Week-to-Week Leases for Nonpayment: Three-day notice required, which can be given if rent is not paid with the four-day statutory grace period for week-to-week leases. For week-to-week leases, a notice to quit terminates the lease for that week and converts the tenancy to a “tenancy at sufferance,” which lays the grounds for eviction. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23(d))
  • Notice of Termination of All Other Leases for Nonpayment: Three-day notice required, which can be given if rent is not paid within the nine-day statutory grace period. For month-to-month leases, a notice to quit will terminate the lease for that month and convert the tenancy to a “tenancy at sufferance,” which lays the grounds for eviction. See statute for restrictions and required form of notice. (§§ 47a-23(d))
  • Termination for Lease Violation: 15-day written notice specifying the violation required. (§§ 47a-15(a))
  • Required Notice before Entry: Reasonable written or oral notice required, and entry allowed only at reasonable times. (§§ 47a-16(c))
  • Entry Allowed with Notice for Maintenance and Repairs (non-emergency): Yes (§§ 47a-16(a))
  • Entry Allowed with Notice for Showings: Yes (§§ 47a-16(a))
  • Emergency Entry Allowed without Notice: (§§ 47a-16(b))
  • Entry Allowed During Tenant’s Extended Absence: Allowed. Tenant must give notice of any anticipated extended absence, and landlord may enter at reasonable times to inspect the premises, make repairs, alterations or improvements, supply necessary or agreed services or show the unit to prospective purchasers, mortgagees, tenants, or contractors. (§§ 47a-16a)
  • Notice to Tenants for Pesticide Use: No statute
  • Lockouts Allowed: No, the only legal way a landlord can remove a tenant is through a court eviction process, called “Summary Process.”
    (Rights and Responsibilities of Landlords and Tenants in Connecticut (Page 16) (pdf))
  • Utility Shut-offs Allowed: No. If the landlord willfully fails to supply essential services, the tenant may terminate the lease and sue for up to two months’ rent or double damages, whichever is greater. (§§ 47a-13)

Disclosures and Miscellaneous Notes:

  • Name and Addresses: The name and address of the landlord or property manager must be provided to the tenant in writing prior to the start of the lease. (§§ 47a-6)
  • Copy of the Lease: No statute
  • Domestic Violence Situations:
  • Early Termination Rights: If a tenant reasonably believes it is necessary to vacate the premises due to fear of imminent harm to the tenant or a dependent of the tenant because of family violence or sexual assault, the tenant may terminate the lease without penalty with written notice of at least 30 days.
  • Proof of Status: The notice required for early termination must include a statement affirming that the tenant or a dependent of the tenant is a victim of family violence or sexual assault, as well as either a copy of a police report or court record detailing an act of family violence or sexual assault. (§§ 47a-11e)
  • Landlord’s Duties: (§§ 47a-7(a))
    • Compliance: Comply with the requirements of applicable building and housing codes materially affecting health and safety.
    • Repairs: Make all repairs and do whatever is necessary to put and keep the premises in a fit and habitable condition, unless unfit condition was intentionally caused by the tenant.
    • Common Areas: Keep all common areas of the premises in a clean and safe condition.
    • Maintenance: Maintain in good and safe working order and condition all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and other facilities and appliances, including elevators, supplied or required to be supplied.
    • Trash: Provide and maintain appropriate receptacles for the removal of trash and other waste related to occupancy, and arrange for removal.
    • Water: supply running water and reasonable amounts of hot water at all times and reasonable heat except if the building which includes the dwelling unit is not required by law to be equipped for that purpose or if the dwelling unit is so constructed that heat or hot water is generated by an installation within the exclusive control of the tenant or supplied by a direct public utility connection.
  • Tenant’s Duties: (§§ 47a-11)
    • Compliance: Comply with all obligations primarily imposed upon tenants by applicable provisions of building and housing codes materially affecting health and safety.
    • Cleanliness: Keep the premises that tenant occupies and uses as clean and safe as the condition of the premises permit.
    • Trash: Dispose of all garbage and other waste in a clean and safe manner.
    • Plumbing: Keep all plumbing fixtures in the dwelling unit or used by the tenant as clean as their condition permits.
    • Appliances: Use in a reasonable manner all electrical, plumbing, sanitary, heating, ventilating, air-conditioning and other facilities and appliances including elevators in the premises.
    • Lawful Activity: Not deliberately or negligently destroy, deface, damage, impair or remove any part of the premises or knowingly permit any person to do so.
    • Quiet Enjoyment: Conduct himself and require other persons on the premises with tenant consent to conduct themselves in a manner that will not disturb neighbors’ peaceful enjoyment of the premises.
  • Retaliation: Landlord must not terminate or refuse to renew a lease to a tenant who has filed an official complaint to a government authority, or has been involved in a tenant’s organization. Other actions are prohibited. Read §§ 47a-20 and §§ 47a-33 for more information.
  • Lead Disclosure: Landlords must disclose all known lead paint hazards. Landlords must also provide tenants, as an attachment to a written lease, with an information pamphlet on lead-based paint hazards.
  • Payment Options Other than Electronic Funds Transfer: Landlords are prohibited from requiring electronic funds transfer as the exclusive form of payment. (§§ 47a-4c)

Court Related:

Business Licenses:

  • Business License Required: No statewide statute, but local cities and counties may have regulations and requirements. Check with your local governing authority.
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27 CommentsLeave a Comment

  • Lucas

    Wow, this is awesome. Thank you for putting this together Joe!

  • Cathy Kroopf

    I have a two year lease with tenant and it is up in October 2017. Can I increase the rent before end of lease term and if so what is the maximum increase allowed per CT. law. There was no specifications in the lease about increase. We have to replace a roof on the home?

    • Iam1

      Isn’t that your property? Some people literally forget that tenants are human just like them. A good tenant who pays their rents are actually a big part of you being able to update anything in your property, so why many landlords ignores that. A landlord helps a tenant by letting them rent their property and a tenant helps a landlord by helping them keep up with their property. As human sometimes you don’t have to use the law to abuse someone who’s actually an accomplishment in your journey as as a property owner. Now you wonder why some people’s home goes on foreclosure overnight and the table turns the other way around. Using the law to abuse anyone should be unexceptionable. For God sake, it’s the freaking roof of your house. Think!!!

  • Georgianna Natalie DeAngelis

    My landlord decided not to go througj with an eviction, can he legally charge mefor his legal fees?

  • Melissa Lamprey

    We have an issue with a bad landlord.We need help.The property we were on was supposed to be a rent to own.He promised us 3 months rent free to clean it up.A year later served us papers we had to pay him back.5 years later he serves us papers again a week after he threatens my us about a barn we built that he wasn’t being taxed on.If we took it down there would be big trouble.During the time we were there he would want my boyfriend to drop what he was doing to do for him for nothing.If he couldn’t it was prepare to move.This landlord has a very bad record with past and current tenants.I want to fight this eviction and gain reentry.My boyfriend also has a case where he has no vacate orders set by a judge and a housing overrode HELP!

  • Adriane Von Britton

    My tenant has a sister who is not on her lease that she wants out of the apartment. The sister has been living with her since March until now November… CT law can she throw her out

  • Andy Adams

    A tenant decided to leave gives 2weeks notice and left 16 days later left no address forward anything.But left all his tools old car motorcycle and trailer trash to;past month has said he is going pick up everything,but never shows up,multiple times I have called him text no response or be there in morning and no show.My garage is full of his stuff I want it back.
    When can I tell him to leave for good and start cleaning it up?

  • Roger

    Is it appropriate for realtors to refund a commission fee when tenants move out before completing the term of the lease?

  • Angela Bugin

    My landlord has been told for over a yr my berm window has separated from frame, cold air is coming thru, towel is up, but drill cold air, my electric bill is sky high, and never fixed window, the same happened to living room window, I am a Section 8 voucher holder, have been here 9’yrs, and they keep charging me late fees $25 every month, but yet ignore my asking for over a year to fix the window, I feel I am not required to pay anything but my monthly rent,

    • jane

      You should talk to your Sec 8 Subsidy provider. Sadly they may terminate the rent payments to the landlord. They should know you are being overcharged.

      Perhaps they will send a letter to your landlord telling him if he doesn’t charge the proper amount his payments will be stopped.

      This is fraud on the landlord’s part you know. He has a contract stating his rent is a certain number and any deviation from that is a no no with the Government.

  • Susamne

    Out landlord refused to make repairs and this has caused us health problems so we withheld rent after he cancelled the repairman. We are now in court for eviction however he wants entry into the property, can he force us to allow him entry?? We live in CT and he is trying to force his way in tomorrow and informed us he will enter with the police even if we are not there…help!!

    • jane

      Your landlord has the right to enter your apartment with appropriate notice. If he thinks there is an emergency problem he can use his pass key and enter immediately.

  • jane

    Your landlord has the right to enter your apartment with appropriate notice. If he thinks there is an emergency problem he can use his pass key and enter immediately.

  • maggie

    This is probably legal, but kind of extortion. I am going to move out of state for another job in a few months and my lease with my landlord of 5 years is up now. They are offering a 3 month lease extension for a mere $246 / month more than I currently pay. I am an excellent tenant, always paying early and not having extensive maintenance asks. I have asked for a reduction, but they won’t budge. I have never had this sort of issue with a landlord – there is no way they can get that much more for the apartment after I am gone. I don’t see the logic other than they are using the power they have over me – what am I going to do – stay in a hotel room for 3 months?
    I will tell everyone not to rent from them. That’s the only power I hold.

  • Tracy

    Can a tenant refuse the landlord entry to the home after then were given 48 hours , and they gave notice that they are moving out in a week?.

  • Pete

    Is is fair for a lease to require 60 days written notice to not auto-renew? My son went to his landlord with 30 days notice to terminate his lease after renting for one year. The landlord stated that the lease stated he needed to give 60 days notice to get out. He would not let him out of the lease with 30 days notice, and stated he would lose his last month’s rent and security deposit. Their apartment is tiny and they are looking to have a second child, and find a larger place. Now he is being held to another year to avoid losing the money.

  • Slawomir Parzych

    I’ve been in this building for 6 years for convenience but we have gas leaks no hot water for 5 days at a time elevator not working one or the other people in wheelchairs elderly made to walk up 7-8-9 floors more then once after management said they would fix both elevators now front door is broken and they still want to charge 35 dollars for key pads is this fair

  • Evan


    If you end your lease early and your landlord agrees you can leave but you are still responsible for the rent while they relist the property and the new listing the landlord put up is higher then your current lease amount I pay $1450 and they are asking $1495. Is this aloud in Connecticut ?

    Thank You

  • Monkey

    How many late fees can a landlord impose on a tenant in CT
    Example 10day fee is $50.00
    Then 30 day fee $165.00
    Then $20 each day there after until current
    This is 3 late fees for 1 months rent
    And if payment arrangements we’re agreed upon can the landlord still charge these fees?

  • M

    I signed a new lease with my landlord in feb and I have a housing Volcher to help with our rent due to medical reasons and he just informed me he’s selling the house I’ve lived in for over 10 years and wants me out before the lease is over so he can fix the property can he force me to move before the lease is up

  • Cindy

    I have been in an apartment for fourteen years. Our landlord does as little as possible here. Our building is an historical one so every now and again we will get a letter to cut grass. We purchased our own mower because they have never done any yard work here. Due to work related issues we talked them into getting a snow blower one year cause we got tired of shoveling and killing our backs. They never did anything they said they were going to do on our first lease and so the story goes. We haven’t had a light in our pantry for over a year, we have mentioned it several times. The last being told they don’t have that kind of money right now. She gets very curt and tries to be intimidating when we are seventy five dollars short . What to d

  • Tom Wood

    I was wondering what the laws are about a tenant paying a years rent in advance in the state of Ct.


  • Susan

    what are the holdover laws in Connecticut for a residential tenant — how much can you charge?

  • Sean

    if someone hires a property management company do they assume the responsibility of the landlord?

  • Kurt

    Hi, if my tenant broke the garage door (as he alleges by falling onto it) which is completely false because the door is broken to the point where it snapped out of the tracts. When I spoke with him, he said he would have a friend fix it. I told him that the person doing the repairs would have to be a licensed professional. He got extremely angry and said that, “I can’t afford a professional.” Now he’s saying that he will fix it before he leaves, which is in 17 months. Is there a particular period of time that he has to do the repairs? It’s been 3 months already.

  • Elizabeth

    We just extended our 3 year lease for another 2 years set to start September 27 2020
    We did it pre pandemic in February
    Now with Covid our situation changed we have had pay reduction and unstable job situation plus some health issues
    We are wanting to move since we can not afford the rent with our reduction
    Can we break our extended lease in CT we are willing to pay 3 months if we need to

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